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A water soluble anti-ageing skincare ingredient extracted from yeast that functions as a soothing and skin-restoring agent. It has proven anti-wrinkle benefits and can decrease the appearance of fine lines, crow's feet and can reduce the depth of brow wrinkles for a more youthful complexion.
Allantoin is a moisturising and skin-soothing agent that actively supports and promotes cell turnover and skin regeneration. Commonly found in products that support healing and skin health, it is generally safe to use in treating dry and itchy skin, acne scarring and can also improve overall skin texture.
Aloe Vera is a succulent plant species and is a popular skincare ingredient that needs little introduction. Rich in Vitamins C and E, it is versatile, non-comedogenic, detoxifying and a natural antibacterial that possesses soothing and hydrating properties and can be used to moisturise or treat burns.
A naturally occurring antioxidant and skin brightener commonly extracted from the bearberry plant. It reduces the appearance of sun spots and discolored patches by reducing the amount of melanin produced in your skin helping even and brighten your complexion.
A class of skincare acids, AHAs are chemical exfoliants that help remove dead skin cells from the upper layers and minimises dullness and evens skin tone. They also help to stimulate collagen production to keep your skin plump and youthful and some AHAs even have antioxidant and hydrating properties.
It is a skin treatment product whose formula has a very high concentration of a specific active ingredient that helps to restore, correct or regenerate the skin. It can consist of up to 50% concentration depending on the active ingredient and usually as a light and watery texture that is easy to absorb.
With over 60 varieties, Angelica Root has a long and storied history in traditional medicine. In skincare, the Japanese Angelica Root or "Toki", is primarily used as an anti-inflammatory and brightening agent to calm and support your skin while helping you achieve a brighter and more even skin tone.
Aqualicia® is the trade name given to a patented biomimetic ingredient that regulates moisture flow within the skin, hydrates and prevents moisture loss. Obtained from the shrub, Acacia Macrostachya, it is sustainably sourced in Burkina Faso and extracted in a process that protects both people and the environment.
Made from the kernels that grow on argan trees, it is native to Morocco and has been used by Moroccan women for centuries for its many beauty benefits. It is non-comedogenic and rich in natural fatty acids - consisting of up to 95% - and offers a natural moisturising and nourishing treatment for your skin.
The oil from avocados is loaded with beneficial nutrients like Vitamins A, B, and E, as well as fatty acids and pack a skin-healthy punch. It acts as a protective barrier to the skin, locking the skin’s own moisture and is also rich in antioxidants that protect your skin against environmental free radicals.
This is a potent antioxidant that belongs to the family of Carotenoids derived from various foods like tomatoes and carrots. More potent than Vitamin C, it can improve dryness and protect your skin against free radical and sun damage. It can also improve skin texture, elasticity and reduce age spots and wrinkles.
Bakuchiol is a plant extract with a wide range of anti-ageing benefits for your skin. It's been found to brighten and even skin tone, improve skin elasticity and firmness, smoothen your skin and minimise enlarged pores and fine lines and wrinkles. Its calming effects make it ideal for sensitive skin types.
Used in Asia for centuries to heal skin, it's a powerhouse for rejuvenation and cell growth. Bamboo extract is rich in natural silica, an ingredient that can help give your skin a radiant glow and aid in collagen production for firm and healthy skin. It has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties too.
Beeswax carries antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties that are essential in fighting dry skin and bacterial infections. It helps to form a protective barrier around the skin to prevent loss of moisture. Beeswax is also a natural exfoliator, ideal for sloughing away dead skin cells.
Bentonite Clay, aka Volcanic Ash, has absorbent power that draws impurities from the pores and regulates sebum production which is helpful in treating acne breakouts. Another boon for those battling breakouts, it is a natural anti-inflammatory and has a calming effect on inflamed breakouts.
Used as a preservative in skin care products by fighting bacterial growth, it is considered less likely to cause sensitivity than some other forms of cosmetic preservatives. Benzoic acid has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, skin-soothing properties, which can help calm irritation and prevent inflammation too.
The major standout of Benzoyl Peroxide? It’s antibacterial and used to treat Acne. it works to treat and prevent acne by killing bacteria underneath the skin as well as helping the pores shed dead skin cells and excess sebum. However, it can be drying so limit it to the areas of your skin affected by acne only.
Beta-Glucan is a hydrating ingredient that attracts moisture to itself and locks it in preventing further moisture loss resulting in smoother, supple skin. It can penetrate deep into your skin, drawing in moisture and effectively plumping your skin and reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Unlike AHAs which are water soluble and act on the surface, BHAs are oil soluble and are able to penetrate deeper into your skin to dissolve sebum and unclog pores, exfoliating your skin from within. They also have anti-bacterial and -inflammatory benefits and do not make your skin as photosensitive as AHAs.
Occurring naturally in skin, Betaine in skincare products can be either synthetic or plant derived and is a gentle hydrator that binds water to your skin. Its moisturising properties help soften your skin's texture and fills in creases in your skin helping reduce the apperance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Many skincare brands are replacing the water in their products with Birch Juice. It is a natural anti-inflammatory and contains amino acids, Vitamin C, and antioxidants that help protect the skin from environmental stressors and refines your skin texture.
A class of single-celled cyanobacteria, two common types of Blue-Green Algae are Spirulina and Chlorella. Potent antioxidants that give it its colour, it has anti-ageing properties, it provides purifying hydration to your skin and can help smooth your complexion while fighting inflammation and breakouts.
A water soluble, organic alcohol , Butylene Glycol is a humectant that attracts water to the skin and can help condition and smooth your skin improving skin texture. It also helps to dissolve other active ingredients improving their ability to penetrate deeper into the skin to deliver their skincare benefits.
Not just useful as a quick "pick me up", Caffeine also has a multitude of skincare benefits? Applied topically, it improves microcirculation in your skin that helps reduce the appearance of dark circles and puffiness. It also tightens and brightens the skin minimising the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
A combination of Zinc Oxide and Ferric Oxide, its medical applications for rash and itchiness are well known. It's antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties help reduce breakouts and soothes redness, stinging and irritation too. This makes Calamine the perfect remedy for your acne-prone and sensitive skin.
Calendula Officinalis or Pot Marigold, is a flower that is indigenous to the Mediterranean. It is very gentle on the skin and can repair, soothe and hydrate even the driest and most irritated skin. Ideal for use on sensitive skin, it is also effective in managing acne and helps reduce inflammation.
Camelina, or False Flax, has been long used in Europe for its many benefits. It is an excellent skin moisturiser and conditioner and its texture and mild scent make it ideal as a massage oil. Rich in Vitamin E and Omega Fatty Acids, it can help improve skin tone and protect against free radical damage.
There are 3 types commonly used in skincare, Camellia Sinensis, -Japonica and -Oleifera, in order of lightness though relative to other oils, they are all light. Rich in Vitamins and packed full of antioxidants and Omega Fatty Acids, they make an excellent moisturiser with potent anti-ageing benefits.
A plant indigenous to the Amazon, Camu Camu contains extraordinary levels of Vitamin C and Flavanoids for a rich dose of antioxidants that protects your skin against ageing UV and environmental pollutants. It also helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by boosting collagen production.
Carrot Extract is an natural antiseptic and powerful moisturiser rich in Lycopene to help balance oily skin. A rich source of antioxidants, vitamins A and C, and beta-carotenes, it can protect your skin against free radical damage, support cell regeneration and help plump your skin for a healthy, youthful glow.
Commonly known as Cica, Centella Asiatica, is rich in Madecassoside that boosts antioxidant activity at the site of wounds. Revered for its healing, anti-inflammatory and soothing abilities, it is beneficial in the management of a variety of skin issues such as eczema, psoriasis and stretch marks.
The benefits of Coconuts or Coconut Oil need little introduction. Rich in Lauric Acid, they are a natural antimicrobial that can fight acne causing bacteria. Rich in antioxidants and fatty acids, that can moisturise and protect, it is easily absorbed and can help smooth complexion and soothe irritation.
Short for Coenzyme-Q10, it is produced by the body naturally and is one of the most fundamental antioxidants. This hero ingredient has been used in J-beauty for years to even skin tone, reduce sun damage and the appearance of wrinkles. It can also stimulate collagen production keeping your skin plump and firm.
If your skin cells are the bricks, Ceramides are the mortar holding it all together. They are lipids that are found naturally in the superficial layers of skin. They form a protective barrier that prevents permeability and keeps moisture from evaporating. Without them, the skin can easily become dry or irritated.
Often found as a tea, Chamomile is rich in powerful antioxidants including polyphenols and phytochemicals. Used on the skin, it helps cell regeneration, tightens pores and protects the skin from ageing. Sometimes referred to as a "natural skin bleach", it can lighten redness and blemishes and brighten complexion.
Wine for your skin? Yes please! Chardonnay Grapes or Vitis Vinifera are rich in nutrients and antioxidants that offer a wide range of skincare benefits such as protecting your skin against environmental stressors, brightening, firming and supporting skincell turnover to reveal youthful looking skin.
A well known superfood packed full of antioxidants and fatty acids that reduce and prevent wrinkles. Chia Seed can also reduce moisture loss and repair and protect your skin's natural barrier keeping it plump and hydrated. Due to its lightweight and emollient properties, it is a great option for acne prone skin.
Rich in antioxidants, Chicory Root has long been used to treat a variety of ailments but it also has potent skincare benefits and is use as a salve to relieve swollen and inflamed skin. Mixed into moisturisers, they help to calm irritated skin and can also stimulate collagen production helping support skin health.
Used since ancient times in Auyrvedic medicine, Chinaberry is rich in antioxidants that are particularly effective in neturalising Peroxyl Radicals, a type of radical considered the most damaging to the skin. It can protect against oxidative stress and is an effective treatment for dark spots and discolouration.
A type of Alpha Hydroxy Acid, Citric Acid can be found naturally in citrus fruits such as lemons and limes and offers the same exfoliating benefits as other AHAs. It is also rich in protective antioxidants and has corrective anti-ageing effects that can brighten skin and help reverse signs of photodamage.
Clove Oil has purifying properties that can treat acne and revitalise your skin. It firms and reduces sagginess and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Used in skincare and cosmetics as a powerful anti-ageing agent it can also improve blood circulation helping you achieve a youthful and radiant complexion.
The most abundant protein in your body. This natural protein makes up about 75% of the dry weight of skin and provides our skin its structure, suppleness and stretch. Healthy levels keep fine lines at bay and is critical to healthy youthful looking skin. Sadly, by our 30s, we lose a teaspoon of collagen a day.
Due to its natural anti-inflammatory and hydrating properties, Cucumbers can breathe life into dull and lifeless skin and rejuvenate it from within. Loaded with nutrients like Potassium, Vitamins A and C, it can reduce puffiness, particularly around the eye area and is ideal for soothing sun burns.
Damask Rose is the purest of rose oils and known as the Queen of oils. It is extracted from the rose petals by steam distillation. It is excellent for treating broken capillaries and scarring to help skin tone appear more even. It can also promote healthy skin cell growth to strengthen and smooth the skin.
Dimethicone is a silicone-based polymer that is frequently used as a skin protectant in skincare products. The second most common moisturizing ingredient found in moisturizers after petrolatum, Dimethicone helps condition the skin, improving its softness and flexibility.
Abundant in Bioflavonoids, Choline, Omega Acids and Tannins, Elderberries anti-inflammatory, -microbial and -fungal properties and can help restore balance to oily skin making them ideal for fighting acne. They can also prevent wrinkles and is a mild astringent that tightens pores for a firmer complexion.
An essential oil distilled from the leaf of an evergreen tree native to Australia. It increases ceramide production to keep the skin moisturised, reduces inflammation and prevents UVB-induced collagen degradation. It is also a natural antibacterial and sloughs off dead skin cells to help even your skin tone.
This oil comes from the Evening Primrose plant. It contains Linolenic Acid, Gamma Linolenic Acid and vitamin E. Packed with fatty acids and vitamins, Evening Primrose Oil is a natural treatment for eczema, redness, and acne. It reduces skin inflammation and may also help the skin retain moisture.
Ferulic Acid, an organic compound, is an antioxidant that boosts the effects of other antioxidant actives. It defends against free radical damage such as UV and environmental pollutants, and is known to brighten dark spots caused by acne or pigmentation and can help brighten dull skin.
Flavonoids, once known as Vitamin P, are a large class of plant compounds found in berries, vegetables, cocoa, wine and tea. Topical application of certain Flavonoids may protect skin by absorbing UV rays before it can interact with and damage your skin, thereby providing a sunscreen effect.
Folic acid, otherwise known as vitamin B9, plays a vital role in helping to maintain healthy skin. It can naturally be found in foods, such as dark leafy greens and citrus fruits. It is an antioxidant that fights against free radical damage, skin discoloration and also improves the skin’s retention of moisture.
Known as the king of essential oils, Frankincense Oil is revered for its ability to rejuvenate skin when applied topically. It is a natural astringent that helps regulate sebum production and has cytophylactic properties that stimulates cell regeneration and also protects older cells from free radical damage.
A type of fungus that is a by product of sake fermentation, the nutrient-dense filtered extract, or fermentation filtrate, is full of amino acids, vitamins and minerals and reduces the appearance of wrinkles and dark spots. It also shrinks pores, regulates sebum production and maintains moisture balance.
Geranium is an antioxidant plant extract used to treat acne because of its antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. It’s also used to rebalance the skin and reduce signs of inflammation and irritation. It’s especially great at treating eczema and rosacea-prone skin conditions.
Giga White® is the trade name for a plant-based Hydroquinone alternative developed with natural Swiss Alpine ingredients. Clinically proven to help lighten dark spots, discolouration and sun damaged skin, it combines botanical and pharmaceutical grade ingredients to reduce and prevent hyperpigmentation.
Not only does Ginger help your skin by flushing out toxins, it also encourages blood circulation. Ginger contains natural oils known as Gingerols that have anti-inflammatory benefits which help soothe and calm irritated skin. The antioxidants in ginger can be used to help preserve your skin's collagen too.
Ginkgo contains a powerful inhibitor, Tyrosinase, which is an enzyme responsible for the development of pigment in the skin. Hence Ginkgo extracts, when applied to the skin may result in a skin lightening effect. Bountiful in anti-ageing antioxidants, Ginkgo protects your skin from the sun and air pollution.
Ginseng has uniquely long history and has been consumed for centuries. It is used topically in skincare products to give the skin an energy boost and to keep it young and healthy. Rich in antioxidant and a natural anti-inflammatory Ginseng helps improve blood circulation giving your skin a radiant appearance.
Commonly use in skincare products as an emollient and humectant, Glycerin absorbs moisture from the atmosphere and draws it to your skin hydrating it and relieving dryness. It also refreshes the skin's surface and softens it keeping it supple and improves the ease of application of cosmetic products.
A complex sugar commonly found in fermented foods, it is an excellent moisturising agent that is also multifunctional in skincare. A combination of Glucose and Glycerol, it can help increase skin elasticity and reduce symptoms of tightness, dryness, itchiness and irritation in addition to hydrating your skin.
Glycolic Acid is a type of Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA), which is a chemical exfoliant that helps to slough off dead skin cells to renew the skin’s surface. It helps to reduce the appearance of premature signs of ageing, pore size and hyperpigmentation to reveal a more even and brighter complexion.
Glutathione is a naturally occuring antioxidant produced in our bodies that possess amazing anti-ageing properties. It boosts immunity and detoxifies but also reduces oxidative stress helping brighten and even your skin tone, and can lighten acne scars, age spots and blemishes.
Citrus Grandis Grapefruit is a vital ingredient to include in your skincare routine if you long for glowing skin. It contains Lycopene which reduces redness and inflammation of the skin, helping to even out skin tone. It has natural acids that exfoliate dead skin, keeping your pores clean and complexion bright.
Extracted from grape seeds, Grapeseed Oil is a non-comedogenic oil that does not clog your pores. It is an astringent which helps to tighten your pores leaving your skin looking smoother and less prone to breakouts. Rich in Vitamin E, it also supports skin healing and is especially useful in treating acne scars.
Green Tea extract is derived from the leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant. It contains polyphenols and a special antioxidant called EGCG, which is an age-reversing catechin containing a hundred times the antioxidant power of vitamins A, C and E. The caffeine also helps improve circulation and reduce puffiness.
A popular skincare ingredient, Hyaluronic Acid is a humectant that can hold up to a thousand times its weight in water. It hydrates by attracting moisture to the surface of your skin keeping it healthy and moisturised. Naturally produced by your body, it is very gentle on the skin and suitable for sensitive skin.
A flowering plant that is rich in antioxidants that fight against damage caused by environmental free radicals, Hibiscus also contains natural acids such as Saponin, Malic Acid and other organic acids that help cleanse and naturally exfoliate your skin helping even skin tone and prevent acne.
Also used in medicinal tea, Hollyhock Flower or Althaea Rosea, is a natural botanical skin conditioning ingredient that helps soften and smoothen your skin leaving it feeling soft and supple. Known for its moisturising abilities, Hollyhock can also help to improve skin elasticity.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance that is a byproduct of bees through the collection of nectar from flowers. It’s a natural humectant that helps to bind moisture to the skin. Packed full of antioxidant and antibacterial properties, it soothes the skin, fights against ageing and helps prevent acne.
Used as a natural herbal remedy to improve blood circulation, Horse Chesnut is mildly poisonous in its raw form and needs to be processed. It is typically taken orally but can also be used topically to improve blood flow in and is an effective in treatment for skin conditions such as varicose veins and phlebitis.
The plant Houttuynia Cordata, also known as Heartleaf or "dokudami" in Japanese is a medicinal herb famed throughout Asia for its healing benefits. Specifically, it has a strong antimicrobial effect against the bacteria most commonly associated with Acne. It is also antioxidant and battles free radicals.
Huáng Bò is one of 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine and is used widely in East Asia. A mild antioxidant, it can hydrate and protect your skin, and prevent moisture loss. It is also a potent anti-inflammatory with a strong anti-bacterial effect that kills acne-causing bacteria.
Idebenone is a super antioxidant that protects your skin against free radical and other environmental damage. It helps improve the apperance of fine lines and wrinkles, reduce dryness and smooth skin texture. Studies have shown that Idebenone is more effective at preventing cell damage then Vitamin C, E, and CoQ10
The use of Sacha Inchi or Inca Nut Oil dates back to ancient Peruvian civilisations some 3 - 5,000 years ago. Rich in Omega Fatty Acids that are readily absorbed by the skin, Inca Nut Oil nourishes and supports cell renewal and increases skin elasticity while preventing water loss to keep your skin hydrated.
Also known as Wild, Tropical or Bengal Almond, the leaves have been used for centuries in traditional medicine. Possessing anti-parisitic, -microbial and -fungal properties, it supports healing and can treat various skin conditions from the mild, like itchiness, to serious conditions such as psoriasis and leprosy.
Iris is a flowering plant that is a symbol of happiness and vitality. Its extract possesses a high concentration of Isoflavones and Rhizomes is a popular inclusion in many cosmetic formulations. Its ability to provide potent antioxidant effects protects your skin by neutralizing environmental free radicals.
Ivy extract has been used to minimize infections from wounds on the skin for centuries. It has potent antibacterial properties and can help tighten skin and strengthen blood vessels. This helps reduce signs of premature ageing, reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and reduces facial tension.
Jasminium Officinale, more commonly known as Jasmine, has been traditionally used to restore youthfulness to the skin. It hydrates the skin while maintaining moisture balance to help reduce dryness and can improve your skin's natural elasticity. A natural antibacterial, it can help boost your skin's immunity.
Jojoba oil, pronounced "ho-ho-ba" is an essential oil derived from the shrub, Jojoba. Used in skincare and haircare products alike, it contains tons of omega-6 essential fatty acids, and is loaded with antioxidants, such as vitamins A and E which helps heal scars and lighten dark patches of skin.
Native to Australia where it has been used for centuries in Bush Medicine, nutrient-dense Kakadu Plums contain over 50 times the Vitamin C of oranges and are rich in antioxidants and minerals. They are a natural anti-inflammatory and can boost immunity, brighten skin tone and fade blemishes and scarring.
Brassica Oleracea Acephala commonly known as Kale is a superfood that is rich in Vitamins C, E, and K - powerful antioxidants that can protect and nourishes your skin. Together, these vitamins help to protect and revitalise your skin for a younger, healthier and more radiant appearance.
Kaolin Clay, also known as white or china clay, is considered to be the mildest and most gentle clay for use in skincare. It works as a mild exfoliant, reduces the size of pores and gently removes dead skin cells to leave you with glowing skin. It is an excellent ally against psoriasis and dermatitis.
Kelp or Macrocystis Pyrifera, also called Giant Kelp is rich in iodine and minerals that works by forming a thin film that retains moisture and slows down water loss. Rich in antioxidants, it also soothes and repairs the skin working to delay the effects of ageing.
Kigelia Africana is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical Africa. It produces phytochemicals that help strengthen and stabilise collagen fibers and is best known for its calming and anti-ageing effects helping firm and tighten skin, even skin tone and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Kojic Acid is often sourced from mushrooms or as a by-product of fermented rice in sake. It is used in skin care to promote an even-toned and radiant complexion. Its primary use and benefit is to help support the body's natural ability to combat excess melanin, lightening visible sun damage, age spots and scars.
Different from the more common Giant Kelp, Kombu is a species of Kelp found in the North of Japan. Traditionally applied topically to the skin, Kombu is rich in antioxidants such as Vitamins A, B and C and has moisturising, detoxifying and anti-inflammatory properties that can nourish, soothe and revitalise skin.
Kudzu Root is a woody herb native to China and Japan. Regular use of Kudzu Root has shown to improve the amount of tropocollagen which stimulates collagen production and is vital in shrinking pores. It contains phytoestrogens that have shown anti-ageing benefits such as reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
A by product of fermented sugar and starch in sour milk Lactic Acid helps to reduce blemishes and fine lines. Its large molecular size means that it cannot penetrate your skin as deeply but instead works as a surface treatment, polishing, firming and exfoliating, leaving your skin looking smooth and firm.
Lauric Acid isn’t a chemical exfoliant like AHA or BHA. It is a fatty acid found in ingredients such as Coconut Oil and is added to skincare products for its moisturising properties. Lauric Acid has anti-inflammatory and -bacterial properties and is commonly found in acne treatments to aid with skin repair.
This essential oil extracted from the lavender plant needs little introduction. It has many uses in skincare but is especially effective for treatment of eczema and psoriasis. Lavender Oil has is an anti-fungal and helps unclog pores and reduce inflammation, cleansing the skin and soothing redness and irritation.
A natural substance made up of fatty acids, Lecithin or Hydrogenated Lecithin acts as a emollient and emulsifier. It helps to soften and smoothen the skin restoring a natural suppleness and enhancing your skin's appearance. It also improves the penetration and absorption of other active ingredients.
High in Vitamin C and Citric Acid, Lemon Extract is reknowned for treating skin discolouration or hyperpigmentation. It is highly sought after for its brightening effects but don’t go rubbing a lemon on your face because too much can have adverse effects and cause skin sensitivity!
Licorice Extract is a depigmenter and brightener that works in a similar way as Hydroquinone making it a natural alternative. It inhibits an enzyme that causes melanin build-up and also helps to remove excess melanin preventing and lightening dark spots. Licorice or Glycyrrhiza is also a natural anti-inflammatory.
Limes or Citrus Aurantifolia are rich in Vitamin C and Flavonoids, powerful antioxidants that can help brighten your skin and support collagen production keeping your skin happy and healthy. They also contain Citric Acid, a type of Alpha Hydroxy Acid that can help unclog pores and exfoliate dead skincells.
A forest berry harvested in Nordic countries, Lingonberries contain high levels of Reservratrol and Omega-3 and -6 fatty acids that deliver a host of anti-ageing benefits. Rich in antioxidants, it protects your skin against free radical damage and prevents water loss to keep your skin plump and hydrated.
Also known as Reishi Mushrooms, Líng Zhī (灵芝) have been used for medicinal purposes for over 2000 years. Its deeply hydrating and detoxifying properties work against premature ageing, redness and wrinkles. It supports natural synthesis of ceramides that protect your skin and prevent moisture loss.
Lycopene is most commonly associated with tomatoes which contain highly concentrated amounts of this ingredient. In fact, they contain the highest antioxidant activity of all carotenoids. Lycopene helps to smooth and brighten the skin and fight free radicals damage that lead to early signs of ageing.
Macadamia Nut Oil is derived from the Macadamia tree, an indigenous species to Australia. The texture of this oil is similar to the natural sebum and is rich in Squalene and Oleic Acid that hydrates, repairs and supports with cell regeneration. It contains phytosterols that helps with itchiness and redness.
Madecassoside is the key component in Centella Asiatica that gives it its much lauded soothing and wound healing properties. A relatively new ingredient, it is rich in amino acids, beta-carotene, fatty acids and other phytochemicals that can reduce free radical damage, improve hydration and inhibit inflammation.
A mineral that is crucial to many body functions, Magnesium protects your skin from external damage by regulating cellular regeneration and repair. It strengthens your skin against attack and can speed up recovery helping promote healthy, youthful looking skin.
Madecassic Acid is a key component of the Centella Asiatica or Cica Extract and is the component that is the most responsible for the soothing qualities of Centella Asiatica products. It is particularly effective in suppressing inflammation, calming your skin and reducing irritation and redness.
Marine Algae soaks up tons of minerals from the ocean imbuing it with many skincare benefits. It revitalises, detoxifies, hydrates and protects your skin. Algae can also help manage skin problems such as acne, cellulite, wrinkles, and improves skin elasticity helping restore your skin's natural tone and vitality.
An antioxidant powerhouse, Matcha has up to 3 times the amount of antioxidants of the highest grade green tea. It can calm inflammation associated with chronic conditions and promote a clear and even complexion. EGCG and Polyphenols neturalises free radicals protecting against ageing and environmental stressors.
Ophiopogon Japonicus, or Monkey or Mondo Grass, is a species native to East Asia. it is hydrating to the skin and protects it from dryness by supporting its moisture retention capability while refining the skin's texture. Being botanical, it is generally safe to use and has been proven to calm eczema flare ups.
Often called the most nutrient-dense tree on the planet, Moringa Oil has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. Extracted from the Moringa Tree that grows in the Himalayas, it is a rich source of powerful antioxidants, minerals and vitamins and has a unique ability to penetrate and detoxify skin.
Arnica Montana or Mountain Arnica is a perennial herb used externally for its excellent soothing and healing qualities. A natural antiseptic and antimicrobial, it has powerful anti-inflammatory properties that make it useful in treating inflammatory conditions like acne and psoriasis and can reduce puffiness.
Mugwort aka, Artemisia, is a powerful ingredient that is most well known for its anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties that help prevent acne outbreaks by protecting your skin. It is full of Vitamin E and other antioxidants that nourish and hydrates the skin too.
Prized since ancient times for its beauty benefits, Myrrh Oil is a natural anti-microbial, -inflammatory and -fungal. It contains skin soothing Limonene and has been used to treat eczema, athlete's foot and minor irritations. It is a powerhouse ingredient against dry, inflamed or ageing skin.
Natto Gum contains loads of lecithin, a skin softening, conditioning and smoothening agent. It is also rich in Vitamin E and Vitamin K2, powerful antioxidants that protect your skin from free radical damage, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, keeping your skin looking bright, young and healthy.
Also known as Indian or Sacred Lotus, Nelumbo Nucifera has been used for centuries and has particular cultural significance to Asiatic civilisations. Rich in protective antioxidants, it preserves moisture helping maintain balance, and can soften, smoothens and detoxify, brightening and improving your complexion.
Extracted from orange blossoms, Neroli Oil is often used in aromatherapy and is high in Vitamin C that can help improve the tone and texture of your skin. It stimulates collagen production and prevents signs of ageing an is often found in treatments for acne scarring and stretch marks.
Niacinamide or Nicotinamide is a form of Vitamin B3, a powerful anti-ageing ingredient with many benefits. It reduces redness, blemishes and diminishes the appearance of large pores and fine lines for a more even complexion. Niacinamide also supports skin cell renewal promoting overall skin health and luminosity.
Panthenol, also known as pro-vitamin B5, is the alcohol form of vitamin B5. Once applied topically, it is quickly absorbed by the skin and converts to vitamin B5, taking effect as a moisturizing ingredient. It works as a skin protectant and is effective against UV-induced redness and irritation .
Papaya contains a special enzyme, Papain which is known as a skin-debriding agent. A natural and effective exfoliating agent, it brightens the skin by removing dead skin cells in the upper layer allowing the healthy tissue to heal. It also helps with hyperpigmentation which can occur after breakouts.
This yummy fruit is a great source of Vitamin C and a common ingredient in anti-ageing products. It helps tighten pores, remove dark circles and blemishes and does wonders for tired skin. Its macronutrients also help in reducing wrinkles and protecting the skin from ultraviolet rays or free radical damage.
Also known as Job's Tears, it is a staple crop that has been used for food, ornamental and medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Rich in antioxidants, Vitamin B3 and various Peptides, it can protect your skin against free radical damage, reduce melanin production and firms and brightens your skin.
Pearl Extract was frequently used in skincare routines by the queens from the ancient kingdoms in China, India and Egypt, to preserve their youthfulness. It is a powerhouse of vital minerals and amino acids that helps to hydrate and exfoliate skin, alleviate acne and delay signs of ageing.
Pentylene Glycol is synthetic humectant used in beauty products that is also secondarily used as a solvent and preservative. It is utilized in formulation thickening, helping to produce a smooth, hydrating feeling product. It is both water and oil-soluble and can have moisture-binding and antimicrobial properties.
Known as the "King of Flowers" in traditional Chinese medicine, it is rich in natural antioxidants and is prized for its brightening, anti-inflammatory, toning and anti-ageing properties. It can help ward off wrinkles by activating the natural defense mechanisms of skin and reduce the appearance if discolouration.
Commonly associated with aromatherapy, Peppermint Oil also has many benefits for skin too. A natural cleanser for the skin, it also possesses antiseptic and antibacterial properties. Its cooling effect helps soothe irritation and inflammation due to acne and it has brightening and anti-aging effects too.
These are short chains of amino acids that act as building blocks for collagen, keratin and elastin, crucial proteins that are responsible for your skins texture, strength and resilience. A lack of Peptides can weaken your skin resulting in a loss in firmness, the appearance of wrinkles and a lack of elasticity.
Perilla is a member of the mint family and a native to East Asia. Its oil is cold-pressed from its seeds and are used in skincare to soothe and repair. Rich in antioxidants, Perilla Seed Oil can protect against free radical damage and maintains and supports a healthy skin barrier minimising moisture loss.
PHAs are chemical exfoliants that falls under the AHA family. Similarly, they work by exfoliating dead skin cells on the surface and help skincare ingredients penetrate deeper into the skin. They offer offers less irritation as their molecules are bigger and thus cannot penetrate as deeply as AHA and BHA.
Phenoxyethanol is incredibly versatile preservative. It works in a large range of formulas and pH ranges and possesses broad spectrum efficacy against many pathogens you don’t want multiplying in your skincare products. It is stable and is compatible with many other preservatives used in cosmetics.
Containing the powerful enzyme Bromelain, Pineapple has shown to have anti-inflammatory, -microbial and antioxidant properties. It is also Rich in Vitamin C and a natural astringent, helping to sweep away dead skin cells while protecting your skin, promoting collagen production and tightening your pores.
Pine Needle Oil or Extract is often prescribed by dermatologist for a variety of skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, acne and more. Its natural anti-microbial and -inflammatory properties can help soothe skin irritation and it is rich in antioxidants that can protect against free radical damage.
A deciduous shrub that produces yummy fruits, Pomegranate contains natural microbials from Vitamin C that help fight bacteria and fungus on the skin. Rich in antioxidants, it is loved for its lightening and brightening effects and supports collagen production for healthier and firmer skin.
Propanediol is derived from corn sugar and is a colourless viscous liquid that is miscible with water. It is considered to be an excellent solvent for harder to dissolve skincare ingredients and contributes to the consistency of the product as well to give it a light texture and a non-sticky feel.
Bees love this substance that comes from the resin of trees and it is sometimes referred to as bee glue. This ancient remedy has been used for its antibacterial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties and helps form a protective barrier against environmental aggressors, preventing allergies and irritations.
Pumpkin contains fruit enzymes that slough of dead skin cells and support cell renewal helping to reveal youthful looking skin. Loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C that can boost immunity, brighten and protect complexion, it is also a rich source of beta-carotene that can reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
The succulent plant Portulaca Oleracea or Purslane is rich in antioxidants, fatty acids and vitamins. It is a good source of skin healthy minerals like potassium and calcium and supports healing, calms irritation and hydrates skin. Its strong anti-ageing properties make them a popular ingredient in many products.
A cereal plant native to Taiwan, Red Djulis is abundant with Polyphenols, powerful antioxidants that protect your skin against free radical damage and premature signs of ageing. It can enhance the production of collagen and protect your skin's barrier helping to minimise the the damaging effects of UV light.
Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant found most notably in the skins of grapes and chocolate which helps to protect the skin against environmental stressors, such as pollution and ultraviolet rays. It reduces premature signs of ageing and can also help to calm sensitive skin by soothing redness and irritation.
A derivative of vitamin A, Retinol has been a household name in the beauty hall of fame for years. As a front liner of anti-aging skincare ingredients, it has been clinically proven to stimulate collagen growth and is easily absorbed into your skin speeding up cell turnover.
Rice Bran Oil comes from the “bran” layer of a rice grain and has been used for centuries in Japan as a key ingredient in skincare products. lt evens out skin tone, increases the skin’s natural regeneration and soothes irritation. It also minimizes the appearance of dark circles and puffiness around the eye area.
Used primarily as a skin conditioner, Rice Ferment Filtrate is obtained by filtering the fermented rice during the making of sake. It is abundant in Vitamins, Amino Acids and Fatty Acids that work together to promote cell renewal, prevent oxidative damage, heal, moisturise and strengthen your skin barrier.
Used for centuries in Asian skincare remedies, rice powder is known for its brightening effects. It contains vitamin E, a potent antioxidant that gently removes dead skin to reveal the more radiant layer underneath. It also has Phytic Acid to stimulate cell growth and brighten dull skin.
Commonly known as Dog-rose, Rosa Canina is extracted from wild rosehip and is an excellent source of Vitamins. It forms a protective film on the skin to help calm irritation, support cell regeneration, improve skin hydration and texture, and can also reduce skin blemishes, scars and wrinkles.
Besides being filled with skin protective antioxidants, Rose Oil is also packed with Vitamins A and C that can help fight against skin ageing. Apart from smoothing the appearance of wrinkles, these vitamins help to brighten your complexion, reduce the look of age spots on the skin and support collagen production.
Used since the 7th century for a variety of purposes, Rose Water is rich in antioxidants and key nutrients that your skin needs. Known for its sweet scent and hydrating properties, Rose Water soothes and moisturises your skin helping to firm and plump your skin.
Not to be confused with rose essential oil, Rosehip Oil is derived from the small fruits that sit behind the rose flower. It contains high levels of Vitamin C and Vitamin A, it is also rich in natural oils and proteins that help hydrate and brighten your skin, improve collagen production and calm inflammation.
Rosemary is more often associated with the culinary arts but it also has potent anti-inflammatory and -bacterial properties that can help reduce swelling and puffiness. Containing Rosmarinic Acid, it can help soothe and heal burns and is a natural treatment for chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema.
Nutrient-dense Royal Jelly is fed to the queen bee throughout her life and is believed to be the reason for her longevity and fertility. Used in skincare, it is a potent hydrator with natural antimicrobial properties. It can also help to increase the production of collagen, promote healing and calm inflammation.
A type of Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) , Salicylic Acid is a true acne-fighting multi-tasker and a common ingredient in acne care products. It can penetrate deep into your skin to exfoliate dead skincells from the inside, eliminating bacteria, dirt and dead cells that cause pimples, blackheads and blackheads.
Squalene or, its hydrogenated form, Squalane, is found in high concentrations in shark liver but can also be found in plants too. Vegans take note! Used in skincare as an emollient and moisturiser, it helps hydrate and soften your skin and can protect against UV damage and hyperpigmentation.
Because it can mimic your skin's natural oils, Squalane is non-comedogenic and highly sought after for its moisturising and anti-ageing properties. It is a natural inflammatory, and in addition to being able to moisturise and soften your skin, it can also protect against UV damage and hyperpigmentation.
Used for centuries in Ayurvedic skin care remedies, Sandalwood is anti-inflammatory that alleviates redness, itching, and irritation. It is also astringent and helps shrink the size of pores, curb excess oil production and reduces breakouts. Its antibacterial properties help rid your skin of acne-causing bacteria.
A bulbous plant commonly found along the beaches in the meditarranean, Sea daffodil has a plethora of benefits that help you achieve well balanced skin and an even tone. A natural anti-inflammatory, this ingredient helps support cell renewal and regeneration and can decrease dark circles and skin puffiness.
Sea Water used in skincare is drawn from the deep sea where the water is pure an unpolluted. Containing essential minerals such as potassium, calcium and sea salt, it helps exfoliate your skin, clear up many skin issues and dry out acne-causing bacteria, all while keeping your skin looking healthy and vibrant.
With over 30,000 varieties, Seaweed is imbued with rich minerals from the ocean, and also contain many vitamins, amino acids and other skin goodies! They can help regulate sebum, exfoliate, brighten and moisturise. its healing properties make them ideal for those with acne, rosacea and other skin sensitivities.
Shea Butter is fat that has been extracted from the nuts of the Shea Tree. Rich in vitamins and fatty acids, it is is both hydrating and nourishing. Shea Butter is also a natural anti-inflammatory and can help to prevent moisture loss. Due to its high concentration of Vitamin E, it is also a potent skin lightener.
Snow Mushroom Extract is an anti-ageing agent that also hydrates and plumps your skin by attracting moisture to it. Long used in traditional Eastern medicine, it has gained recent popularity in Asian skincare and has been shown to protect against free radical damage, improve skin tone and reduce wrinkles.
Soybeans have gained prominence in Japanese skincare due to its ability to improve the texture and appearance of your skin. Packed full of antioxidants that protect your skin against environmental stressors, it also brightens and firms your skin, reduces redness and prevents hyperpigmentation.
A type of blue-green algae that grows in both fresh and saltwater, Spriulina is a nutrient dense suerfood. Its high nutrient and antioxidant content reduces acne and promotes cell repair and skin metabolism, helping to speed up healing. It also helps protect your skin's natural barrier and prevents moisture loss.
Beyond being a tasty treat, this tropical fruit is packed full of antioxidants. Rich in Vitamin A, it can help to maintain balance in your skin, detoxify and calm redness and protect your skin against acne. Vitamin C helps brighten and protect your skin against pollution, sun damage and fine lines and wrinkles.
Stearic Acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in animal and plant fats. It is mainly used as an emollient and emulsifier and helps keep the active ingredients in skincare products from separating. It is also skin moisturising and supports your skin's natural protective barrier preventing moisture loss.
The Romans famously soaked in Sulfur hotsprings, a practise that continues till today all over the world. Used for thousands of years in the treatment of many skin ailments, it is an excellent anti-acne agent and can help manage sebum production, prevent clogged pores, and treat and prevent blemishes.
Sunflower Oil is non-comedogenic oil that is ideal for oily skin types. Rich in fatty acids like Linoleic Acid that helps prevent moisture loss, it is also rich in antioxidants like Vitamin E that protects against free radical damage and can treat acne, discolouration, signs of ageing and fade scarring.
A naturally occuring antioxidant that protects against Superoxide, the most common free radical. Used in skincare for its anti-ageing properties, it also protects against sun damage, reducing the appearance of fine lines, age spots and other signs of ageing and can also soften scar tissue and promote healing.
An essential oil with many skin benefits, Tea Tree Oil is a natural remedy in treating eczema and psoriasis. Its anti-inflammation and -microbial effects support wound healing and can help calm irritated skin, soothe itchiness and is an effective treatment for oily skin and acne.
Listed in many skincare products as Pueraria Mirifica, it contains phytoestrogen - a plant compound that mimics estrogen - and is valued for its medicinal properties including the treatment of skin issues. It can be used as an anti-ageing supplement or a natural remedy for menopausal symptoms.
Titanium Dioxide is an inert earth mineral used as a thickening, opacifying, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics. It works as a UV filtering ingredient in physical sunscreens and helps protect your skin by blocking the absorption of the sun's ultraviolet rays that can cause sunburns and even skin cancer.
Tomatoes are one of the richest sources of Lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that can reduce the harmful effects of UV exposure. Also rich in vitamins and minerals, this vibrant red super fruit also has potent anti-ageing benefits and can moisturise, soothe inflammation and stimulate collagen production.
Trehalose is a type of sugar that is used in skincare for its protective functions. It helps to prevent skin damage caused by exposure to harsh environmental factors such as UV radiation, pollution, smoke and other irritants. Additionally, Trehalose protects collagen-producing cells from dehydration.
Traditionally used in cooking and herbal preparations, it contains anti-oxidants and -inflammatories that provide your skin a natural glow and luster and can help with conditions such as psoriasis. Curcumin, found in Turmeric, can also help with wound healing and support tissue health and collagen production.
Undecylenic Acid is mainly used in anti-fungal topical treatments and helps to prevent and eliminate fungal skin infections such as ringworm, athlete's foot and jock itch. It is a common and effective active ingredient and is often formulated with soothing zinc to minimise irritation.
Found in moisturising lotions, ointments and creams, Urea creams come in different doses that range from 10% to 40%. It draws moisture into your skin, and softens and loosens dead skin making it useful in treating conditions such as psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and calluses.
Vitamin A, also known as retinol or retinoids, is a powerful antioxidant that protects your skin supporting healthy skin cells. They are effective in managing acne by regulating the sloughing off of skin cells, preventing clogged pores. It also stimulates collagen production and fades fine lines and dark spots.
Used in skincare, Vitamin B is an antioxidant that helps to treat signs of ageing and alleviate sensitive skin. A Vitamin B deficiency can wreak havoc on your skin causing acne, dry and flaky skin and increased sensitivity to sunlight. The most common ones are Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide) and B5 (Panthenol).
Also known as Ascorbic Acid, it has an iconic status in the world of skincare. Well known in helping brighten and even skin tone by decreasing melanin production, it is also an antioxidant that helps fight free radicals protecting your skin from external aggressors and preventing signs of premature ageing.
Vitamin D, also known as the "sunshine vitamin", is crucial for healthy skin and can be produced by the body in response to exposure to sunlight. Healthy Vitamin D levels can prevent skin from prematurely ageing and improve cell turnover but too much will lead to accelerated skin ageing.
Vitamin E is a family of fat-soluble, essential nutrients with powerful antioxidant properties. It nourishes and protects your skin against free radical damage caused by sun exposure and pollution and is often formulated together with sunscreens, reducing ultraviolet damage and boosting its effectiveness.
A fat-soluble vitamin, it is the star ingredient in many eye creams and is known to boost skin elasticity and brighten dark cirlces. Vitamin K can support skin recovery and reduce inflammation and is often used to help skin recover after surgery or cosmetic procedures, reducing swelling and redness.
Extracted from wheat kernels, Wheat Germ Oil is moisturizing and highly nourishing. It is rich in Vitamin E, an antioxidant that helps lighten dark spots and heal damaged skin. Also high in Linolenic Acid, Wheat Germ Oil helps strengthen your skin barrier keeping irritants out and reducing acne breakouts.
Also known as Nelumbo Nucifera, the Lotus holds unique symbolism in many cultures around the world. Containing powerful antioxidants like Flavanoids, Polyphenols and Vitamins, Lotus extract has brightening and anti-ageing effects, soothes redness and irritation, and purifies and restores balance to your skin.
A natural skin brightening agent, White Mulberry is known for its soothing and calming properties and has the ability to fade away dark spots and pigmentation caused by ageing or sun exposure. It is a gentler natural alternative to harsher skin lightening products.
One of the most nutritionally balanced vegetables available, Asparagus has a cleansing and purifying effect on the skin and can help to treat and prevent acne. Also rich in Vitamins C and E, it can improve skin tone, promote skin cell renewal, prevent moisture loss and help you achieve a youthful, radiant glow.
A rich source of Polyphenols, White Tea protects your skin by reducing oxidative stress on the skin. A naturally soothing and anti-ageing ingredient, it can help prevent acne and also aid in recovery from breakouts by helping flush out toxins from the skin.
Possessing natural antioxidant, anti-microbial and -inflammatory properties, Wild Yam Extract can soothe, brighten and plump skin. Rich in a saponin called diosgenin, it prevents collagen loss in the skin and is a depigmenting agent leading Wild Yam to be often used for its anti-ageing properties.
Willow Bark extract comes from the bark of the willow tree and is rich in Salicin and Tannins. Gentle and low risk, it is an anti-inflammatory and -bacterial and is often touted as a natural alternative to Salycylic Acid. It offers many similar benefits and can help unclog pores and alleviate acne and irritation.
Witch Hazel or Hamamelis Virginiana is an excellent natural toner that cleanses your skin and tightens pores. It can also relieve inflammation and improve skin texture and because of its ability to remove excess oil and restore balance to your skin, can also help reduce acne breakouts.
Used mainly as a thickener or emulsifying agent, Xanthan Gum is a common ingredient in many skincare and cosmetic products. Because it is a polysaccharide, sugar molecule, it does have some skin conditioning properties but isn't an ingredient that you should actively seek out or avoid.
A fermentation agent used in skincare products, the addition of it helps make other active ingredients more absorbable and can also help increase the shelf life of your favourite products. Yeast produces amino acids and peptides that help support skin cell turnover and improve collagen production.
Yuzu is a citrus fruit grown in East Asia and widely used in the local cuisine and beverages. In skincare, it is know for its skin brightening effects as it’s chock full of Vitamin C and is also useful as an anti-ageing agent, promoting collagen synthesis, fading darks spots, and soothing and softening skin.
Native to East Asia, Zhī Mǔ has many health benefits and has been used for centuries in the treatment of various ailments. Most notably, it mimics the effects of estrogen without causing the side effects of modern estrogen supplements delivering the same beautifying effects such as a bigger and fuller breasts.
Zinc Oxide is used in skincare for its many benefits but is most commonly found in physical sunscreens where it protects your skin against the damaging effects of ultraviolet rays. It is also used as a white pigment in cosmetics and has anti-ageing, -inflammatory and -bacterial properties.